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1. Is Devas a “fake” company without employees or investors?

Devas Multimedia Pvt Ltd was conceived in the early 2000s by global pioneers in the fields of satellite communications.  Devas built a team of unrivalled expertise and industry experience, joined by investors with a global track record in the satellite communications industry. From the date of execution of the Devas Agreement in January 2005 and […]

2. Did the Indian military need S-band spectrum for national security reasons?

There was no evidence that the Indian military had concluded or advised that its needs couldn’t be met when Antrix and the Government of India unlawfully terminated the Devas Agreement and expropriated investments made by Devas’s shareholders.  Beginning in 2005, Indian authorities conducted reviews of future S-bandwidth requirements for military and para-military agencies regularly(1) and […]

5. Did the Government of India abide by the agreement with Devas?

No. Antrix/ISRO breached the Agreement on multiple occasions. The Agreement called for a June 2009 deadline for Antrix to launch the two satellites, PS1 and PS2, which Antrix failed to meet.(1) Devas made every effort to get these satellites launched.(2) For example, the contract clearly stated in Exhibit B, paragraphs 2.1 and 2.2, that failure […]

6. Did the “Suresh Report” find fraud behind the Devas Agreement?

No. In fact, the report, commissioned in secret by ISRO Chairman Dr. Radhakrishnan and completed in May 2010, found no fault in Devas’ conduct in reaching the Agreement and did not report any fraud involving its formation. Moreover, the report found no suggestion of military need for S-band spectrum that could justify termination of the […]

7. Why did the Government of India declare a force majeure to terminate the Devas Agreement?

Internal communications made public during international arbitration prove that the Government of India made up a force majeure declaration as a legal cover story for its unlawful termination of the Devas Agreement.  Having failed to convince Dr B. N. Suresh of the Indian Institute of Space and Technology (the “Suresh Report”) to falsify his findings, […]

8. Did the Government of India ever inform Devas of any problems with the agreement before terminating it?

No, in fact Antrix and the Government of India repeatedly misled Devas about the state of the Agreement before they unlawfully terminated the Agreement in February 2011.  International arbitration tribunals concluded that neither Antrix nor the Government of India ever gave any indication to Devas that the Agreement might be in jeopardy because of “military […]

10. Did the Government of India violate international law when it terminated the Devas Agreement?

Yes. Not only did Antrix unlawfully violate the Devas Agreement’s own termination provisions, but two separate arbitration tribunals have concluded that the Government of India violated two separate bilateral investment treaties (BIT) with its unlawful actions in procuring the termination of the Devas Agreement.  The Government of India violated the India-Mauritius BIT, signed in 2000, […]

11. Why did the Government of India commence “wind up” proceedings on Devas and appoint a liquidator?

Saddled with consistently adverse arbitration awards whose value now exceeds US$1.5 billion, the Government of India has resorted to unsavory tactics, notably going on a “war footing” under Prime Minister Modi to evade lawful payment at all costs. In order to evade its clear responsibilities, the Government of India concocted the idea of going after […]

12. Was the Government of India’s “charge sheet” part of a misinformation campaign to unduly influence arbitration proceedings?

The Government of India has weaponized its judiciary and law enforcement agencies as part of a secret campaign to unduly influence the global arbitration proceedings. In 2016, the Government of India instructed the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) draw up a “charge sheet” against former officials and Devas leadership in a bid to instill fear […]

13. Has the Government of India weaponized its judiciary and law enforcement authorities to target Devas officials and investors?

Yes. After losing three arbitration cases, proving that Antrix violated the Devas Agreement and the Government of India violated two bilateral investment treaties, the Modi government chose to weaponize the country’s own justice system in a last-ditch effort to evade the judgments.  While pursuing attempts in the Delhi High Court to set aside the judgments(1) […]

14. Have Devas’ leadership and investors been harassed by the Government of India?

For a decade, starting immediately after the first arbitration claim was filed, the Government of India has been routinely harassing and retaliating against the leaders and employees of Devas in India.  This has included raids on offices, illegal seizure of documents, detention and prolonged questioning of employees, pressuring people to sign false statements under threat […]